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Foundation of Taj Mahal Crumbling
Niraj Kumar , Oct. 13, 2011, 4:48pm IST Views: 2709 Comments: 1
Foundation of Taj Mahal Crumbling
Foundation of Taj Mahal Crumbling
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New Delhi: Oct 13; How many of you out there had that ‘special’ photo shoot-out with the grand dome of Taj at the background and you (with ‘the’ Special one) loitering on the forefront?

Answer would come in swarming numbers as is expected but stop, as the monument itself is on the brink of its survival. 

Changing course coupled with drying Yamuna is being said as one of the reason.  

But is there really reason to worry?

The alarm bells were first raised by Ramshankar Katheria, Agra MP for the opposition Bharatiya Janata Party. If he is to be believed, the monument built by Emperor Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz could collapse within three to five years. It’s not just the future of the monument that is at stake but that of India as a whole, Mr. Katheria told India Real Time in a recent interview. “India’s pride is in grave danger,” he said.

Mr. Katheria says the wooden foundations of the Mughal-era mausoleum, buried deep within the river Yamuna, are decaying due to the river’s receding water level. “The foundation is such that the water flow strengthens its hold to shoulder the monument,” he explained. “Not only are wooden planks loosening but (they) are also rotting due to lack of moisture in their surface,” he added.

He is the pioneer of the “Taj Bachao Sang,” or “Save the Taj Together” campaign, an initiative launched last year to protect the memorial. The campaign’s team, which includes historians and archeologists, also allege that cracks have emerged on the monument’s surface and that several minarets are showing signs of tilting. “Our conclusions are based on a systematic year-long research,” said the MP.

This is an issue Mr. Katheria has discussed with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and President Pratibha Patil. “Promises were made during these meetings but not followed by tangible results from their end,” he said. “Our only request is that a strict enquiry is issued into the matter. Is that too much to ask for?”

Spokesmen for the Prime Minister were not immediately reachable for comment.

Other experts, however, disagree with Mr. Katheria’s assessment. The Archaeological Survey of India, the state-run agency in charge of preserving the monument, slammed these claims. “These are shameless publicity stunts deployed to attract media attention,” a senior ASI official based in Agra told.

India Real Time. He said this was a “pointless alarm” and the issue of the foundations was being “over exaggerated.” The official said that, following media reports, an ASI team of engineers and archaeologists went to examine the site and that “no major threat was detected.” He said the ASI “is undertaking all necessary measures to safeguard the Taj Mahal.”

A spokesman for Mr. Katheria said that his Taj Mahal campaign is in the broader national interest and that there is “no political agenda” behind it. He declined to comment on whether Mr. Katheria plans to run for upcoming elections in his home state of Uttar Pradesh, slated for 2012.

Ruknuddin Mirza, a conservation archeologist at the Indian National Trust For Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH), also questioned Mr. Katheria’s alarmism. “Though it is of utmost importance to investigate these allegations, time and again ASI has substantiated their worth in preserving cultural heritage” he said.

This is not the first time the Taj Mahal has fallen prey to controversy. In the early 1980s, activistMahesh Chander Mehta said pollution was damaging the white marble structure. It took around a decade before authorities backed his claims, with the Supreme Court ordering factories in and around Agra to be shut down.

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Readers' opinions (1)
Guptan Veemboor Bangalore
In my opinion this is just a publicity stunt by the MP to make himself prominent before the next years election. The receding Jamuna and consequent depletion of water from the foundation area of Taj Mahal and weakening the wooden structure in the foundation is far fetched. If is said by a structural engineer it can be believed. Not by a politician. While due to atmospheric pollution corrosion can take place on the surface of the structure which is exposed to atmosphere. Foundation which must be lying some 10 or 15 feet below the ground level should not get affected. Also during past there should have been dry spell when yamuna was dry and was the structure affected by it? Also I have heard that earlier Yamuna was flowing very much near to the monument and later it has changed it\'s course and is quite far away. Has this affected the foundation. On what basis is this theory that the wood needs moisture for being strong? Is there any literature on it?
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